Child Protection Guidance 2021

Version 1.0 September 2021 National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland 2021 Contents i Contents Ministerial Foreword 1 Introduction 2 Purpose 2 Principles underpinning this Guidance 2 Engagement with children in child protection 3 Engagement with families in child protection 3 Structure and content: what has changed? 6 Part 1: The Context for Child Protection 7 Key Definitions and Concepts 8 Definitions of ‘child’ 8 Definitions of parents and carers 10 What is child abuse and child neglect? 12 What is child protection? 14 What is harm and significant harm in a child protection context? 15 What is a named person, lead professional and child’s plan? 18 What is the child protection register? 20 Principles and Standards for Child Protection 22 Safety and rights 22 Child’s experience 22 Workforce 25 Information Sharing: Inter-Agency Principles 27 Records management 30 Legislation relating to Child Protection 33 Duties to protect 33 Part 2A: Roles and responsibilities for child protection 38 Collective Responsibilities for Child Protection 39 Leadership in child protection: Chief Officer’s Groups and Child Protection Committees 39 Self-evaluation and inspection 41 Learning and development 42 Support for practitioners: supervision 43 Single-Agency Responsibilities for Child Protection 44 Local authority education services 45 Early learning and childcare 46 Grant Aided Special Schools (GASS) 46